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  1. Man Ray
  2. Steichen
  3. Anton Josef Trčka
  4. Edward Weston
  5. Newton Helmut


Man Ray (Emmanuel Rudnitsky)

  • Founder of the Dada group in New York.
  • Surrealist – abstract images.
  • Commercial Photographer.
  • Painter.
  • Man Ray develops the photogram.
  • Used solarization.
  • MOVIE – L’Etoile de Mer (1928)
  • Visual Artist.

Surrealist Photography

“Art should break lose the demands of logic and reason and go beyond everyday consciousness, seeking to express the world of the unconscious and dreams.”

1915 – [lips body] (Man Ray)

[located sample of photo].

Man Ray began experimenting with photography – as a means to capture his mixed media artwork.

  • 1915 Self-Portrait “A door that could not be opened with a bell that could not be rung.” Erin C. Garcia (Man Ray In Paris).
  • 1921 May Ray devised a way to create photographs without using a camera. Objects are placed on the photographic paper and exposed the paper to light. Rayographs.

1921 Self-Portrait (Man Ray)

Self Portrait is a RayographObjects are placed on the photographic paper and exposed the paper to light.

1924 Gun with Alphabet Stencils (Man Ray)


“Photography is both the easiest and the most difficult medium” Steichen

MARKETING: Steichen went beyond photography when it came to product endorsements. And help establish the “white lie” of marketing. When employed to promote Ponds Cold Cream, Steichen proposed the most outrageous misrepresentation. While yes, it is very smart – the misrepresentation of the role of photography and art had forever changed.

Steichen had his staff locate local young beautiful women from the streets to showcase in their ads. The marketing story was to promote that real women can have beautiful hands and be a working mother and housewife and socialite. Yes, a socialite. Steichen one final deciding factor for hiring the models was they had to have the same name as a popular socialite. It was not enough to be young, fashionable, thin, and beautiful. You also had to have the correct name. Can you imagine the ads for that job posting?

“Seeking Model – much be tall, thin, attractive, and have one of the following names…”

Steichen justified his marketing method that socialite product endorsement will increase consumer consumption. Steichen sought out young and slim beauties with the name of older less attractive socialites.

Steichen created methods to generate genuine responses. From showing viewers a series of unemotional images. And waiting to take the photo until an emotionally responsive image is presented.

For Manhattan Eye, Ear, and Throat Hospital in New York, Steichen had the first 20 women from the homeless shelter brought to him. The women balanced on ladders and chairs – supposedly to increase their sense of fear. In capture the image of the 20 woman, Steichen had expressed “heartbroken from experience.” In capturing the pictures of the women, he also connected with the women.

Burial at sea (Steichen)

Nov 26, 1944  [locate photo]


Created portraits. Trcka deliberately employed body language when portraying characters. With symbolic gestures of the hands – which could be decoded according to the rules of eurhythmy created by Rudolf Steiner whose anthroposophy had an influence”. – Rudolf Kicken

Using the hands for expression, was something new and unexpected. Trcka

The Anton Josef Trčka photographs capture a different time. The fashion. The expressions, The makeup. The body types. All appear so different from the images of today. As the viewer, you can’t help but see it is a time gone by. The black and white format compounds the idea of time.

What does occur to me as I view photography from 1914 – with every detail a reflection of time. I am left wondering how people looked before photography. Sure, we have paintings. And yes, those do show a history of visual images. The void of capturing the daily details is more presence in human history. This new culture of “snapping: and “capturing” moments in time.

Even the naked body appears a period piece. The hair styles automatically present time. The image is an old photograph. Even for the new viewer the history of the photography is already a presence. This observed trend of photography will never stop. Every few years, the rendering of photography changes and alters. The photography of Anton Josef Trčka captures the FIRST VISUAL TIME.  Before that moment in time, the trends of society went by without being captured.

Fast forward to 2017. Photography and video are easy to create. The esteemed self-portrait (Freda, Van Gogh) is now the selfie.

Photography - Portrait

Photography Portrait

Photography Dancer

Photography Portrait



The photography of Hilde Holger is so wildly interesting. Included is a video that expresses the Legacy of Hilde Holger.



“Abstractly “representing” bodily forms – be the human figures, landscapes, or plants – in an abstract way”.Rudolf Kicken

Weston 1925 nude of a man viewed from the back drew inspiration from Brancusi’s sculptures.

1902 – First Camera

During the summer of 1902, Weston was given a camera by his father. Weston approach to photography was scientific. With detailed records of developing times, paper effects, and exposure.

1907 – Enrolls in School

Weston enrolled in Illinois College of Photography in Chicago

1911 – Set up Photography Studio

Weston set’s up a portrait photography studio in the suburb of Los Angeles.

Weston began by photographing in the contemporary style of pictorialism.

1927 – Nautilus

The ascent of attic angles


“He violates all borders and conventions without loosing sight of aesthetic considerations” Rudolf Kicken

1960 – 1970 Fashion Photography

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